July 19, 2024
World Population Day 2024 Reflects on India’s Historic Demographic Shift
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World Population Day 2024 Reflects on India’s Historic Demographic Shift

Jul 11, 2024

As the world marks World Population Day on July 11, 2024, a significant demographic milestone has been reached: India has surpassed China to become the world’s most populous country. According to recent estimates by the United Nations, India’s population now stands at approximately 1.43 billion, edging out China’s 1.42 billion inhabitants. This shift marks a pivotal moment in global demographics with profound implications for both nations and the world at large.

Global Population Landscape in 2024

The top 10 most populated countries in 2024 now reflect this historic change:

  1. India: With a population of 1.43 billion, India takes the lead, driven by high birth rates and declining mortality rates. The country faces monumental challenges in providing healthcare, education, and employment opportunities to its burgeoning population.
  2. China: With approximately 1.42 billion people, China’s population growth has slowed significantly due to its former one-child policy, now replaced by a three-child policy. The nation grapples with an aging population and shrinking workforce, necessitating strategies to support its elderly and stimulate birth rates.
  3. United States: Ranking third with around 340 million people, the U.S. continues to grow due to birth rates and immigration, maintaining its position as a global economic powerhouse.
  4. Indonesia: With a population of about 278 million, Indonesia experiences rapid growth driven by high fertility rates and a youthful demographic profile.
  5. Pakistan: Pakistan, with approximately 247 million inhabitants, maintains its position as a rapidly growing nation fueled by high birth rates and improving healthcare access.
  6. Nigeria: As the most populous country in Africa, Nigeria’s population stands at 231 million, driven by high birth rates and demographic momentum.
  7. Brazil: Brazil’s population of 218 million reflects a nation with declining birth rates but still substantial growth, navigating economic and social challenges.
  8. Bangladesh: Despite its small land area, Bangladesh supports a population of around 169 million, emphasizing the challenges of high density and resource management.
  9. Russia: With a population of 144 million, Russia faces demographic decline due to low birth rates and high mortality rates, posing economic and social challenges.
  10. Mexico: Mexico rounds out the top ten with a population of 132 million, growing steadily amidst social and economic dynamics.

Implications and Challenges

India’s ascension to the top of the population charts underscores significant challenges and opportunities. The nation must prioritize sustainable development, enhance healthcare and education infrastructure, create ample job opportunities, and mitigate environmental impacts to ensure a prosperous future for its citizens.

China’s demographic landscape, marked by an aging population and efforts to boost birth rates, highlights the need for innovative policies to support economic stability and social welfare.

Globally, the continued growth of the population presents dual opportunities and challenges. While a larger population can drive economic growth and innovation, it strains resources, infrastructure, and the environment, necessitating coordinated global efforts to achieve sustainable development goals.


As World Population Day 2024 prompts global reflection on demographic trends, India’s new status as the world’s most populous country serves as a focal point for discussions on sustainable development, equitable growth, and global cooperation. Addressing the complex challenges posed by population dynamics requires proactive policies and international collaboration to ensure a prosperous and sustainable future for all nations and peoples.

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